BUBER, SOLOMON

BUBER, SOLOMON (1827–1906), scholar and authority on midrashic and medieval rabbinic literature. Buber was born in Lemberg, Galicia, into a well-known rabbinic family and devoted himself to the publication of scholarly editions of existing Midrashim, printed or in manuscript, and to the reconstruction of those that had been lost. His Midrash editions and those of some medieval works constituted a veritable revolution in the production of reliable texts. Their learned introductions are major research works in themselves, and the annotations give a complete picture of the textual problems and parallel passages. While scholarship in this field has not stood still since Buber's days and his work and method are in part, at least, outdated, subsequent researchers in this field owe him much. Buber was a man of independent means and financed his scholarly projects personally. Not only did he pay for the expense of publication, but he also paid for people to visit various libraries to copy manuscripts. Buber's achievement is all the more remarkable in view of his active business life. He was a governor of the Austro-Hungarian Bank and the Galician Savings Bank, president of the Lemberg Chamber of Commerce, and a member of the Lemberg Jewish community's executive council from 1870. Buber's Midrash editions were (1) Tanḥuma (on the Pentateuch), an older and different version of the previously known and printed Midrash of that name (Vilna, 1885, 1913; repr. 1946, 1964); (2) Midrash Lekaḥ Tov or Pesikta Zutrata by Tobias b. Eliezer (11th century) on the Pentateuch (part of the work, from Leviticus on, had been printed previously) in Buber's edition with a commentary by Aaron Moses Padua of Karlin (1880, 1884, 1921–24; repr. 1960); (3) Midrash Aggadah on the Pentateuch (1894; repr. 1961); (4) Sekhel Tov on Genesis and Exodus by Menahem b. Solomon (12th century; 1900–02; repr. 1959, 1964); (5) aggadat bereshit on Genesis (first published by Abraham b. Elijah of Vilna, 1802), 28 homilies following the triennial cycle of the Palestinian rite (1903, 1925; repr. 1959); (6) Likkutim mi-Midrash Avkir on Genesis and Exodus (1883; repr. 1967); (7) a reconstruction of Midrash Devarim Zuta in Likkutim mi-Midrash Devarim Zuta, on Deuteronomy (1885); (8) Midrash Shemu'el (1893, 1925; repr. 1965); (9) midrash tehillim , or Shoḥar Tov, on Psalms (1891; repr. 1966); (10) Yalkut ha-Makhiri on Psalms by Machir b. Abba Mari (14th century; 1900; repr. 1964); (11) midrash mishlei on Proverbs (1893; repr. 1965); (12) Midrash Zuta on the Five Scrolls except Esther (1894, 1925; repr. 1964); (13) Eikhah Rabbah (Rabbati), on Lamentations (1899; repr. 1964); (14) Aggadat Ester, part of Midrash ha-Gadol (1887, 19252; repr. 1964); (15) Sifrei de-Aggadata, three Midrashim on Esther (1887; repr. 1964); and (16) Pesikta de-Rav Kahana, a hitherto unpublished selection of homilies for special Sabbaths and festivals by Rav Kahana, first discovered by L. Zunz, from a manuscript written in Egypt in 1565, which Buber found in Safed (now in the Alliance Israélite Universelle in Paris, no. 47; 1868, 1925; repr. 1963). Of these 16 items, numbers 1, 9, and 15 are the most important. Buber also annotated L. Gruenhut's edition of the Yalkut ha-Makhiri on Proverbs and of Yelammedenu fragments on Genesis (Sefer ha-Likkutim, 6, 1903). He also edited many other works by medieval authors as well as some historical works, including a biography and bibliography of elijah levita . Buber also contributed some hundred articles to various periodicals. martin buber was his grandson. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Reines, Dor ve-Ḥakhamav (1890), 28ff.; S. Bernfeld, in: Ha-Shilo'aḥ, 17 (1907), 168ff.; Zeitlin, Bibliotheca, 44ff.; J.K. Miklischansky, in: S. Federbush (ed.), Ḥokhmat Yisrael be-Ma'arav Eiropah (1965), 41–58.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Buber, Solomon — (1827 1906)    Galician rabbinic scholar. He was born in Lemberg and was a governor of the Austro Hungarian Bank and the Galician Savings Bank. He published scholarly editions of midrashim, edited works by medieval scholars, and wrote on the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • BUBER, MARTIN — (1878–1965), philosopher and theologian, Zionist thinker and leader. Born in Vienna, Buber as a child lived in Lemberg with his grandfather solomon buber , the noted Midrash scholar. From 1896 he studied at the universities of Vienna, Leipzig,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOMON, SOLOMON JOSEPH — (1860–1927), English painter. Solomon was born in London where he settled and attained considerable social and professional popularity. When in 1918 he was appointed president of the Royal Society of British Artists, he wrote to a Jewish friend:… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Buber — is a surname. It may refer to:* Martin Buber, Austrian Jewish scholar, socialist, Zionist, and prominent advocate of a joint Jewish Arab state of Israel. * Solomon (Salomon/שְׁלֹמֹה) Buber (1827 1906), grandfather of Martin, Jewish scholar and… …   Wikipedia

  • Buber, Martin — born Feb. 8, 1878, Vienna, Austria Hungary died June 13, 1965, Jerusalem German Jewish religious philosopher and biblical translator. Brought up in Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine), he studied in Vienna, Berlin, Leipzig, and Zürich. Friedrich… …   Universalium

  • Buber, Martin — (1878–1965)    Israel philosopher. Buber bears out the adage that men are not prophets in their own country. In Jerusalem he was pointed out as a white bearded and fairly harmless professor, who collected chassidic tales (a Yiddish wag called… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Buber, Martin — (1878 1965)    Austrian theologian, grandson of Solomon Buber. He was born in Vienna. He joined the Zionist movement and became editor of Die Welt in 1901. He founded the Jewish National Council in Berlin during World War I and in 1916… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • FRIEDLAENDER (Friedland), SOLOMON JUDAH — (c. 1860–c. 1923), author and literary forger. Friedlaender gave contradictory biographical accounts of his life, claiming at various times to have been born in Hungary, Turkey, and Romania, but in all probability he was born in Beshenkovichi… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Salomon Buber — Solomon (or Salomon) Buber (1827 ndash;1906) was a Jewish Galician scholar and editor of Hebrew works. He is especially remembered for his editions of Midrash and other medieval Jewish manuscripts, and for the pioneering research surrounding… …   Wikipedia

  • Martin Buber — Full name Martin Buber Born February 8, 1878 Vienna, Austria Died June 13, 1965(1965 06 13) (aged 87) Jerus …   Wikipedia

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